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Now, in Spring, through our study of John, chapters 17 – 21, we’ll continue to see how Jesus draws attention to the Father and performs the last and most glorious sign. Jesus demonstrates for us what Christianity is really all about: self-surrender, self-death, submission, obedience. These are words that we, and our culture, don’t really like to hear and aren’t comfortable with at all – after all, we’re totally into “rights” and asserting especially ours, aren’t we? Here’s a review of what we’ve been learning so far:
One way we’ve been studying John is by looking at how it is all about “belief” – What do we believe? How do we believe? What brings us to belief(s)? What increases our ability to believe and conversely how are they negatively affected? We examined the different types of “faith” we see exhibited by different characters in John: signs-faith by the people who come to belief in Jesus because they see the signs – miracles – Jesus does. Then the signs lead them on to greater belief as in the case of disciples or those healed or they fall off. Here’s a small review of what we’ve learned so far about the Book of John.
- Entry points for belief in Jesus – belief is allegiance to Jesus – allegiance is following Jesus – what does it mean to know, believe, and receive Jesus? Means to experience Jesus in our gut, in our brains, in our lives, right now.
- John is also a Book of Signs (the many signs that show Jesus is God) and a Book of Glory (about Jesus revealing his glory and the glory of his Father)
- Sign #1 – Jn. 2: 1-11 – water into wine – bold faith –model for faith is Mary, Jesus’ mother
- Sign #2 – Jn 4: 43-54 – remote healing – unorthodox faith – model for faith is the Royal official
- Sign #3 – Jn. 5: 1-9 – disabled man walks – this lame man is a negative paradigm of discipleship, he is a model of signs-faith – initially believes but then falls away and does not persevere when Jesus invites faith 5:14-15 but rather betrays him to the Jews – prefiguring analogous acts of betrayal
- Sign #4 – Jn. 6: 1-14 – feeding of 5000 – abiding faith – Philip and Andrew fail Jesus’ test as they focus on purely natural, materialistic terms; Jesus also summons the crowds and his disciples to a higher level of commitment and ultimately this alienates many. Abiding faith vs. sign faith is a critical motif in John’s soteriology – 6: 2 – it is not those who begin to follow Jesus but those who persevere who remain his disciples – 6: 60-70. Our models for abiding faith are the disciples who become the apostles.
- Sign #5 – Jn. 9: 1-7 – Blind man sees – Christian faith – Jesus demonstrates he is the Light of the World by healing the blind man. The opening of eyes was a natural expression for receiving sight – cf. 2 Kings 6: 20; Isaiah 35: 5; 42:7 or for being able to see more clearly (Genesis 21: 19, Luke 24: 13). It also applies to receiving spiritual vision – revelation from God. This blind man contrasts positively with the Jewish leaders and elite as a man who is open to God – he is our model of faith – a positive paradigm of discipleship.
- Sign #6 – Jn. 11: 1-45 – Lazarus raised to life – Bold faith – Martha; Salvific faith – Martha; Courageous faith – Thomas; Jesus is a model of obedience and surrender – demonstrates dying to live (self-death) Self-death is when we put others first, before ourselves.
John Chapter 15: 12 – 16:4 – Connolly (18) Title: The Cost of Friendship – Lecture Title: Sacrifice is the Love Passion of the Holy Spirit
Rev. Barbara Buck taught us today and here are my brief notes: Sacrifice, a spiritual discipline, is the cost of friendship –we willingly give up things for our friends – when we don’t there’s no friendship. Similarly, as people who love God and follow Jesus, how are we friends of God and Jesus? The commandment of Jesus to love others as ourselves is a difficult one to follow but he also gave us the Holy Spirit to help us make the sacrifices with “exuberant joy” (not pain) needed to be a friend of God. This requires self-surrender. To be a friend of God is to give our sovereignty to God. Instead of putting ourselves first (what do we want) we desire and seek God’s will (what does God want for me/this situation in my life).
Barbara gave us three questions to reflect on:
1) Am I a friend of God?
2) Who’s in charge – me or God?
3) Is my life free from compromise with the world?
Now, this Winter, John chapters 10 – 16, among other things, will show us how one definition of glory is attention esp. drawing attention – Jesus continually calls or draws attention to his Father in Heaven; do our actions, words, thoughts draw attention to ourselves, other things or God?
(Recap) Purpose of John:
- Entry points for belief in Jesus – belief is allegiance to Jesus – allegiance is following Jesus – what does it mean to know, believe, and receive Jesus?
- The Book of John can be thought of as being in two parts; 1) Chapters 1 – 12 Book of Signs – whereby Jesus reveals his Glory to the World and
2) Chapters 13-21 Book of Glory wherein Jesus reveals the Glory of his Death and Resurrection.
- Types of faith in Jesus include:
- sign-faith – signs-faith – superficial faith – e.g. Bethesda pool man healed by Jesus, the many who follow Jesus when they see his miracles (water into wine; bread and fish)
- bold, audacious faith or holy chutzpah – e.g. Mary, Jesus mother
- salvific (saving) faith – e.g. Nicodemus wants to understand but is unable; John the Baptist points to Jesus as God (definitely greater than him)
- unorthodox faith – e.g. Samaritan woman and her village accept Jesus; God is worshipped as Spirit – He is everywhere
- glorious faith – e.g. Jesus does everything for the glory for God (not for human glory – Jesus does not seek human glory
Here, in John 5, a man disabled for 38 years and daily frustrated by not being able to jump into the pool and receive healing is healed by Jesus on the Sabbath. This man is a negative paradigm of initial discipleship. We shall study an example of a positive one in the blind man healed in chapter 9. The rest and most of the fifth chapter of John is about different understandings of Sabbath, charges against Jesus, and how Jesus witnesses and glorifies God. In 5:30 Jesus claims his deity and emphasizes his obedience to the Father’s will as his perfect agent (shaliach). The Pharisees misunderstand Jesus as blaspheming and claiming equality with God while Jesus explains that he is merely doing what he’s seen his Father do; he has been given all authority by his Father (life-giver and judge). The Father’s works are also his witness, just as Scripture itself (Old Testament) and John the Baptist. The Pharisees see only the breaking of a law; Jesus shows compassion to the man but the man falls away after initial obedience. Jesus is a model of discipleship for us – he seeks glory only from the Father, spurns human glory, and is completely obedient and submissive. This is another chapter full of Johannine theology (the Jesus sayings) and high Christology where we see the close relationship between the Father and the Son, a perfect unity of love between God the Father and the “only begotten” Son of God. Incidentally, Qumran’s Copper Scroll provides corroboration of Judean awareness of the Bethesda pool, prior to 70 CE – the Bethesda pool is where the healing in this chapter took place.