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On June 1st, we wrapped up our study of The Gospel of John with a celebration dinner and screening of the complete movie.
For our celebration dinner, Helen ordered 4 different kinds of pizza and tempted us to drink flavored water; all the ladies brought in wonderful salads and desserts – a feast for the eyes, mouth, body and soul! I still can see the stunning greens of the salads and the fruit plate by Karyn with its sweet yellow naval oranges nestling yummy blackberries. Donna has really spoiled me with her lovely presentations! My favorite dessert was Paula’s lemon cupcakes, the v. lemony, sugary, melt-in-your-mouth, one-is-not-enough-eat-two-or-more kind :). While eating dinner, we watched the 2-hr version of the movie and took a short break midway to listen to a short summary. Helen gave wonderful gifts to the leadership team (Suzannne, Anne, Jennifer Y, Donna, Linda C., Christi) – inspirational journals with Scripture verses. I got a very striking hand-painted ceramic candlestand with Psalm 119: 105: Thy Word is a Lamp unto my feet. Helen is so thoughtful – she bookmarked my Psalms journal on this verse; she brought cards for all the ladies to write me Thank you notes. I love the notes – I’m -re-reading them now, one per day, so I can slowly but most surely and enjoyably savor them. My house too is filled with the fragrance of the sweet peas flowers (I still don’t know who gave this) and the flowers Karyn brought me. All the ladies got bookmarks I made (at Helen’s request and which Jennifer Y so graciously cut). Nancy C. donated her Scripture-To-Go DVDs and Helen gave them to all the ladies. What a celebration – thank you, everybody!
I had originally wanted to stop the movie after Jesus teaching at the Feast of Tabernacles and highlight Jesus words in John 8: 32b: If you hold to my teaching , you are really my disciples. But God had other plans. We stopped the movie at end of John chapter 6. Jesus has said He is the Bread of Life and urged everybody to eat Him and drink His blood. Disciples grumble, “this is a hard teaching, who can accept it?” We hear Simon Peter’s passionate declaration (a.k.a confession of faith), “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. Now we know and believe that you are the Holy One who’s come from God.” The section closes with Jesus saying, “Have I not chosen you, the twelve? Yet one of you is a Devil” We too are chosen. Everything we have is a gift and we are blessed indeed because of the gift of faith God has given us in Jesus. For many of us this faith has come or seems easy; for some of us it is not so easy and we battle with doubts. We must never forget that doubt and deception are the tools of the Devil. Faith itself is a theological virtue, the gift of God, as Rev. Kirk Winslow so eloquently preached in his sermon on The Theological Virtues. Its a paradoxical besides being a mysterious gift because we also have a choice: to believe in Jesus or not, accept or not accept the gift of faith and then, what do we do with our belief, our gift of faith. We must not get deceived and consider how we may be self-deceiving ourselves as we learned in James, self-deception. We are not orphaned either as God gives us plenty of support for our journey of discipleship (the Holy Spirit who dwells in every believer) and the community of the church (our local and the universal).
In our Monday night Bible study (MNBS) we clearly made the choice to spend time with God, study his Word and importantly, take some time to be quiet in order to hear His voice better, by stilling the busyness in our lives. MNBS has been our “lab of love” and during this time set aside for God, we’ve been refreshed by His Word, allowed the Spirit to pray for us when we couldn’t, learned to recognize His voice, be kind to one another, and pray for each other. We’ve surrendered some of our desires – to be with family, to watch a game on TV, to catch up on work, get much-needed sleep – while pursuing the desire and discipline of Bible study. In short, we’ve been learning to love God by loving and serving each other while we abide in his Word. Let’s take some time this summer to consider how, in the next year, we can continue to focus on our spiritual realities and fulfill our desires and intentions to be more like Jesus. What is God calling you to next year in your journey as a disciple of Jesus?
Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we ought, but that very Spirit intercedes with sighs too deep for words. And God, who searches the heart, knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. Romans 8: 26-27
A summary of my lecture on John 21 follows.
Reviewing John 20, we saw that Jesus first appeared to a woman. Then, we saw the intuitive belief of the “other disciple, who had reached the [empty] tomb first” (20:8). Finally, there was the unwillingness of Thomas to believe without seeing (20:25) and the christological climactic (20: 28) when he calls Jesus “My Lord and my God”. Belief and unbelief are one of the contrasting themes we’ve seen throughout this Gospel. Many respond to Jesus’ signs with faith (Nathanael in 1: 50; many Jews in 10:38, 42; the disciples, Mary and Martha when he raises Lazarus from the dead in 11: 15, 40; and the disciples again in 14:11); many also refuse faith without signs (the Capernaum official whose son Jesus heals remotely in 4: 48; and the crowd after the feeding of the five thousand in 6: 30). In John 8:30-31 we learned that faith must mature into discipleship – if it is to prove adequate until the end; in 20: 21 the call to discipleship was made even more explicit when Jesus commissions the disciples just as the Father sent him. Chapter 21 reinforces our spiritual reality, the call to Christian discipleship. Douglas Connolly, whose study guide John, The Way to True Life we are using in our study, titles this chapter “A Walk With a Resurrected Man.”
John 21: 1-14 – The Fish Sign – Jesus again provides food for his people – just as he did in Chapter 6 when he fed the five thousand with a few loaves of bread and fish (6:11), he now helps them catch an abundance of fish (but there’s fish already on the fire too, 21: 9 ) and has breakfast prepared for them (21: 12). This semi-sign has another meaning too following up another theme from John 15: 5: Without Jesus, we can do nothing. The disciples were not able to catch any fish that night until Jesus came early in the morning.
John 21: 15- 23 – Spiritual Food – This is the famous passage where Jesus asks Peter three times “do you love me?” According to Craig S. Keener, The Gospel of John: A Commentary, vol. 2 (p. 1237): ” Clearly, Peter is an undershepherd, but he is to reflect Jesus’ concern for his sheep more than a hireling would (10: 12-13). The point of the passage has nothing to do with a supposed difference between two Greek terms for love here but everything to do with the way love for Jesus is expressed in this Gospel: obeying him (14: 15, 21), in this case by caring for his flock the way he does, which implies self-sacrifice and potentially death (10: 11, 15; 21: 18-19).” Jesus, by foretelling Peter’s future, is also comforting him; Jesus is in control. Given Jesus’ call in 20: 21, loving Jesus requires Jesus’ servants to love Jesus’ followers. We can’t love Jesus’ followers unless we abide in Jesus (8: 30-31).
John 21: 20-23 – Eyes on Christ: Peter’s question about the future of the beloved disciple and Jesus’ rebuke is a message to us: we must keep our eyes on Christ and not become divided by loyalties to church leaders. Peter and the beloved disciple have different vocations; so do we. Just as neither is to question why their vocations should be different, neither should we. We should keep our eyes on Christ and follow him in obedience, each to her own call, but loving, encouraging, and looking out for each other.
John 21: 24-25 – Purpose of John – John has included only a selection of all that Jesus did and said and the purpose for which he did this is to “summon his audience to deeper faith.”
What does all this mean for us who believe in Jesus, give our allegiance to him, and want to be like him? How do we follow Christ, imitate him, become his disciple, a servant and friend of God? Keeping Jesus commandment to love one another, R.V.G. Tasker provides an answer “Christian love must express itself in service even for the rest of Christ’s brethren, but without love for Christ that service can never be rendered.”
Reflect on Douglas Connolly’s Now or Later questions:
1) As you have studied John’s Gospel, what aspects of Jesus’ character or ministry have impressed you most?
(one answer: Jesus’ obedience not just through his 3 years recorded in the Gospels but the 30 years before that when he lived in obscurity and poverty; and his close communion with God the Father)
2) What responses have you made in your heart and life as a result of that deeper understanding?
Linda Clinard led the study this week on John chapter 17 (Connolly (22) Trial and Trust). She highlighted his prayer for the unity of Christ’s believers.
Here’s some notes:
Chapter 17 is part the final section of what’s called the Farewell Discourses. In this, the longest prayer we have from him, Jesus prays the prayer of self-consecration and pastoral care. He prays first for himself drawing attention to the Father, then prays for his disciples, and finally prays for all future disciples.
- to do the Father’s will (we see that in 4: 34; 5: 30, 38; 6: 38, 39)
- and the Father’s work (5: 36; 9: 4)
- speak the Father’s word (3:34; 7: 16; 12: 49)
- to bear witness to the Father (5: 36; 7: 28) and
- to live in a close relationship with the Father (8: 16; 18: 29; 16: 32)
In the prayer for himself, we learn that self-surrender is key for our discipleship. We must surrender ourselves to God, just as Jesus surrendered himself to the Father. Believing, knowing and receiving Jesus means experiencing God. This is eternal life.
As he faces the cross, Jesus prays for the protection of the disciples that 1) they won’t be tempted into disobedience, 2) and just as the Trinity experiences eternal unity, so may believers. He asks the father to sanctify his disciples.
His prayer for the unity of disciples is very important because this is how the world will believe in Jesus/God. Believers will be brought together in the same spiritual life around the truth that saves – Jesus is Savior.
Biblical doctrines of election and sanctification are themes that occur in John 17. Just like Jesus and the disciples were chosen (17:2) and set apart for holiness, so are we. When believers are united, our faith grows, and we are able to surrender our individual wills to the larger group because of the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit.
Lectio divina means divine reading, reading from the heart, to allow God’s Word to heal and transform us. It is one of the best ways to spend 15-20 minutes in daily devotional reading of the Bible. God’s Word is living and active and when we abide in it daily, we’re abiding in Jesus – imagine Jesus is saying the words to you. There are four steps: Read, Meditate, Pray, Contemplate (rest in God).
Prepare (choose your passage and let it be small – one or two verses rather than a whole chapter; withdraw to a quiet place; relax your posture and breathing; visualize a setting that calms you, invite the Holy Spirit; use a centering prayer to focus your thoughts on God, say the Trinity Prayer of Protection) – 3–5 minutes.
Step 1, Read: Read passage aloud – 1-2 minutes. As you read, listen for word or phrase that touches you – 1-2 minutes.
Step 2, Meditate: how is my life is touched by this word; what are the connections between this word and my life – 3 – 5 minutes.
Step 3, Pray: Offer these thoughts to God. Respond to God. Ask: Am I being invited to respond? Am I being encouraged to do something? – 2 – 3 minutes
Step 4, Contemplate: Sit in silence. “Be still”; “Rest” in God – 3 – 5 minutes.
Every time the mind starts wandering, read the passage and start the process anew. Close in prayer by offering thanks and praise to God – 2 – 3 minutes.
Close with the Our Father prayer that Jesus taught his disciples.
Activity for Week 1 – Meditation and Contemplation of the “I AM” statements of Jesus
Spend 15 minutes each day reading, praying, meditating, and contemplating on the I AM statement and question for the DAY. Several times during the day too, offer the statement to God and whenever you get a chance think about it. The statements are easily memorized.
“I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.” John 6: 35
Is Jesus the Bread of my life?
“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” John 8: 12
Do I live by his Light?
“I am the gate. Whoever enters by me will be saved, and will come in and go out and find pasture.” John 10: 7, 9
Do I enter through him as the Gate to salvation, or do I keep trying to rescue myself?
“I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” John 10: 11 ; “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me” John 10: 14
Do I trust him to Shepherd me?
“I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?” John 11: 25-26
Do I depend on his Resurrection or do I keep trying to lift myself up?
“I am the way and the truth and the life.” John 14: 6
Do I let him be the Way for me or do I keep asking for directions? Is he the Truth by which I judge all other lesser truths? Is he my Life or do I engage in career, entertainments, and posessions to give me life?
“I am the vine, you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.” John 15: 5
Do I abide in him, cling to him as a branch to a Vine, and draw all my spiritual nourishment from him?
Source: The Renovare Spiritual Formation Bible, NRSV.
If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them. John 13: 17
During Spring break and during this season of Lent, let us take some time to reflect on the state of each of our own relationship with God and find out: Am I a friend of God? Is my life free from compromise with this world?
In the Gospel of John we’ve been identifying the various entry points for belief in Jesus to non believers as well as mature ones. Belief is allegiance to Lord Jesus. Allegiance includes following Jesus. John advises us to know, believe, and receive Jesus – meaning experience Jesus. If you follow the schedule below you should be able to better understand how you are or are not experiencing Jesus daily. The Examen (Week 2) is a prayer tool, which takes a few minutes each day. Please lift to God the areas of life that are life-draining, compromised or broken and in need of his healing grace.
Schedule for Week 1: Tuesday March 24 – Sat. March 28
Schedule for Week 2: Sunday March 29 – Sat. April 4
Daily Prayer of Examen – use the Sleeping with Bread By Linn and Linn handout
Schedule for Week 3: Sunday April 5 – Sat. April 11 – Holy Week
Attend Holy Week Communion at IPC (morning or evening).
Schedule for Week 4; Sunday April 12 (Easter) – Sat. April 18
Daily Prayer of Examen – use the Sleeping with Bread By Linn and Linn handout
On one day this week do the Life as a Garden visualization
On another day please jot down, in two columns, the Books in the Bible that you like to read often and books that you rarely find yourself reading
Week 5: Sunday, April 19 – Worship, Rest
Monday, April 20 – Return to Monday Night Bible study for John 17 – Jesus prays for us
Sources: The Bible & 2008/2009 Monday Night Bible Study booklet (the one with the hummingbird on the cover) – Please read pages 1 – 6 (Introduction to Women’s Monday Night Bible Study: Covenant Groups in Celebration, Gratitude, and Discipleship)
These words, “know” “believe” and “receive” all have very distinct and deep meanings in John and this is made clear in John chapter 1. All of the themes that John will discuss later are also presented here as a set of contrasts:
Light and darkness; Life and death; Truth and falsehood; Heaven above and earth below
Life, Light, Truth, are not merely abstractions; they are embodied in Jesus. Similarly, Jesus is not merely flesh but comes from heaven above, in his Father’s name. He is God.
Jesus followers are to
believe in his name 1: 12, 2: 23, 3: 18
receive life in his name 20:31
ask in his name 14: 13-14, 15: 16, 16:23 and
expect to suffer for his name 15:21
Know – (v. 9) enlighten (become enlightened by the light – step out of darkness), truth
Believe – (v. 12) allegiance – faith + obedience
Receive – eternal life – this is always in the present; we’re transformed, rejuvenated, refreshed by our allegiance to Jesus. We have this LIFE right now (we don’t have to wait until after we die!). John will flesh out for us in subsequent chapters what it means to have this sort of abundant, glorious, faith-filled LIFE in Jesus.
John begins lyrically, philosophically, most beautifully and here’s the Message version:
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God… The Word became flesh and blood, and moved into the neighborhood. We all live off his generous bounty, gift after gift…This endless knowing and understanding…all this came through Jesus, the Messiah.”
John’s chapters can be divided thus:
Prologue (The Word became flesh and revealed the Father) – 1:1-1:18
Book of Signs (Jesus reveals his glory to the world) – 1:19 – 12:50
Book of Glory (Jesus reveals the glory of his death and resurrection to this disciples) – 13: 1 – 20:31
Appendix (Epilogue) – 21:1 – 25
John is sometimes alos called the Gospel of Unbelief – because John goes to some lengths to show why many of the Jews did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Thus, in John we see a lot of models of belief and unbelief in Jesus. John, more than any other gospel, shows how much God loved us and inspires us to a response to that love.
Welcome to our year long study of The Gospel of John. Read the IPCBibleStudyBooklet08-John, the Hummingbird Booklet, as we call it because of the Hummingbird image on its cover. It has complete details of our study’s guiding principles and guidelines, syllabus, study goals; the spiritual disciplines we’re working on, and a short, informal how-to for lectio divina and exegesis, besides of course my references are also there. The blog posts here will summarize my lectures. Major study resources include:
1) The Bible – any version, although I recommend and will use the NRSV (for lectures) and ESV (for discussion)
2) John, The Way to True Life – a study guide of 26 lessons by Douglas Connolly published by InterVarsity Press. You can browse this guide online at Google Books –http://books.google.com/books?id=VsdCiuOgyFEC
3) The Gospel of John – a movie by the Visual Bible people using the Good News Bible translation word for word (no script). The movie’s website is here – http://www.gospelofjohnthefilm.com/. You can also watch this entire movie in ten minute segments from youtube! Here’s the introduction: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EMVej6QXwhk. Just look in the Related Videos section to see the other video clips from the movie.
For my lectures, I’ve been using Craig Keener’s 2-volume (2004) Commentary of John as my primary reference; the socio-historical coverage is excellent and the commentary recommended by D. A. Carson. I double-check with F.F. Bruce’s (1983) Commentary on The Gospel of John and R.V.G. Tasker’s (Tyndale) Commentary of The Gospel of John. Connolly uses Leon Morris’ guide (according to Carson, Keener replaces him) and so our reference and scholarship background is very well-balanced, thanks be to God and the Holy Spirit who is our guide and teacher.