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Now, in Spring, through our study of John, chapters 17 – 21, we’ll continue to see how Jesus draws attention to the Father and performs the last and most glorious sign. Jesus demonstrates for us what Christianity is really all about: self-surrender, self-death, submission, obedience. These are words that we, and our culture, don’t really like to hear and aren’t comfortable with at all – after all, we’re totally into “rights” and asserting especially ours, aren’t we? Here’s a review of what we’ve been learning so far:
One way we’ve been studying John is by looking at how it is all about “belief” – What do we believe? How do we believe? What brings us to belief(s)? What increases our ability to believe and conversely how are they negatively affected? We examined the different types of “faith” we see exhibited by different characters in John: signs-faith by the people who come to belief in Jesus because they see the signs – miracles – Jesus does. Then the signs lead them on to greater belief as in the case of disciples or those healed or they fall off. Here’s a small review of what we’ve learned so far about the Book of John.
- Entry points for belief in Jesus – belief is allegiance to Jesus – allegiance is following Jesus – what does it mean to know, believe, and receive Jesus? Means to experience Jesus in our gut, in our brains, in our lives, right now.
- John is also a Book of Signs (the many signs that show Jesus is God) and a Book of Glory (about Jesus revealing his glory and the glory of his Father)
- Sign #1 – Jn. 2: 1-11 – water into wine – bold faith –model for faith is Mary, Jesus’ mother
- Sign #2 – Jn 4: 43-54 – remote healing – unorthodox faith – model for faith is the Royal official
- Sign #3 – Jn. 5: 1-9 – disabled man walks – this lame man is a negative paradigm of discipleship, he is a model of signs-faith – initially believes but then falls away and does not persevere when Jesus invites faith 5:14-15 but rather betrays him to the Jews – prefiguring analogous acts of betrayal
- Sign #4 – Jn. 6: 1-14 – feeding of 5000 – abiding faith – Philip and Andrew fail Jesus’ test as they focus on purely natural, materialistic terms; Jesus also summons the crowds and his disciples to a higher level of commitment and ultimately this alienates many. Abiding faith vs. sign faith is a critical motif in John’s soteriology – 6: 2 – it is not those who begin to follow Jesus but those who persevere who remain his disciples – 6: 60-70. Our models for abiding faith are the disciples who become the apostles.
- Sign #5 – Jn. 9: 1-7 – Blind man sees – Christian faith – Jesus demonstrates he is the Light of the World by healing the blind man. The opening of eyes was a natural expression for receiving sight – cf. 2 Kings 6: 20; Isaiah 35: 5; 42:7 or for being able to see more clearly (Genesis 21: 19, Luke 24: 13). It also applies to receiving spiritual vision – revelation from God. This blind man contrasts positively with the Jewish leaders and elite as a man who is open to God – he is our model of faith – a positive paradigm of discipleship.
- Sign #6 – Jn. 11: 1-45 – Lazarus raised to life – Bold faith – Martha; Salvific faith – Martha; Courageous faith – Thomas; Jesus is a model of obedience and surrender – demonstrates dying to live (self-death) Self-death is when we put others first, before ourselves.
Now, this Winter, John chapters 10 – 16, among other things, will show us how one definition of glory is attention esp. drawing attention – Jesus continually calls or draws attention to his Father in Heaven; do our actions, words, thoughts draw attention to ourselves, other things or God?
(Recap) Purpose of John:
- Entry points for belief in Jesus – belief is allegiance to Jesus – allegiance is following Jesus – what does it mean to know, believe, and receive Jesus?
- The Book of John can be thought of as being in two parts; 1) Chapters 1 – 12 Book of Signs – whereby Jesus reveals his Glory to the World and
2) Chapters 13-21 Book of Glory wherein Jesus reveals the Glory of his Death and Resurrection.
- Types of faith in Jesus include:
- sign-faith – signs-faith – superficial faith – e.g. Bethesda pool man healed by Jesus, the many who follow Jesus when they see his miracles (water into wine; bread and fish)
- bold, audacious faith or holy chutzpah – e.g. Mary, Jesus mother
- salvific (saving) faith – e.g. Nicodemus wants to understand but is unable; John the Baptist points to Jesus as God (definitely greater than him)
- unorthodox faith – e.g. Samaritan woman and her village accept Jesus; God is worshipped as Spirit – He is everywhere
- glorious faith – e.g. Jesus does everything for the glory for God (not for human glory – Jesus does not seek human glory
Nicodemus, elite, open-minded, comes to Jesus because he has questions. Jesus’ answers puzzle him: “you must be born again … born of water and Spirit … born of the Spirit … to see the kingdom of God.” Most famous verse in John 3: 16 reminds us Jesus, who has the authority from the Father to give spiritual life, did not come to condemn us but to show us God’s love. We self-judge ourselves when we do not believe in Jesus. Saving faith comprises of believing and obeying; such a faith gives us eternal life, which we enjoy in advance, now, because of our union with Christ. John the Baptist exalts Christ and is a model witness for us. Finally, 3: 31-36 is Johannine theology and consummate (high) Christology.